ABA or CBT
purpose - in other words, what need of the child is being met
through the behavior. We perform a Functional Behavior
Assessment (FBA) in order to identify those needs. Adults often
assume that inappropriate behaviors are attention-seeking or an
attempt to "get back" at adults for something they have said or
done. However, this is often not the case. Many children act in
ways which will get legitimate needs met. For example, every
child has the need for adequate sleep, healthy and sufficient
food and water, feeling safe, getting attention from adults,
feeling accepted by peers, exploring the environment, learning,
managing sensory input, and finding ways to self-soothe or
maintain a state of well-being.
causing the child to continue the inappropriate behavior. Through
skilled observation of the child and thorough interview of the
parent and/or teacher,these important factors can be
ascertained,and a behavior modification plan can be developed,
thus shaping new behaviors by providing positive reinforcement
for desired behaviors and setting reasonable limits with
consistent consequences in order to extinguish undesirable
signal the need for further evaluation and professional help:
age—walking, talking, potty training, feeding himself/herself,
being able to ride a bicycle.
the way they are intended (such as fingering or feeling Legos
rather than building with them).
people when conversing with them.
are out to hurt him/her.
fights or tantrums.
concentrating, or trouble maintaining attention.
hands, banging head, or repeating unusual finger/hand movements.
though he/she used to do them.
math, or difficulty in completing homework.
being mean to animals or people, skipping school, or running away.
spontaneously makes awkward sounds.
regularity, you may wish to consider an evaluation. Parents often
are advised by well-meaning family, friends, teachers, and even
physicians to wait and see if the child outgrows these behaviors;
however, please keep in mind that early intervention can make a
difference in your child's development and future success.
therapeutic approaches.These include Applied Behavior Analysis
(ABA) therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), and Parent
Education and Support for Behavior Management (based upon the
principles of ABA) depending upon which method (or combination
thereof) best fit the individual's needs.